Fiss suggests that modern Jewish experience can be compared to other diaspora groups and takes a look at which characteristics and experiences are unique to the Jewish people and which are universal. She suggests that the idea of "homeland" is a universal concept, but is defined per group. She also suggests that the Jewish experience is the prototype for the "victim" model of diaspora groups. "The Jewish experience sets the prototype for all groups to follow. Victim diaspora groups are marked by a traumatic historical episode, during which the population flees or disperses. Even if migration goals are pursued after that, the “scarring calamities” of their initial displacement demarcates this diaspora’s key characteristic.” She concludes by noting a lack of tension between particularism and universalism within the Jewish collective.